Total Tayangan Laman


Jumat, 08 Oktober 2010


1. Thailand
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Thailand is an independent country that lies in the heart of Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Burma and Laos, to

the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and

the southern extremity of Burma. Its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast and

Indonesia and India in the Andaman Sea to the southwest.

2. Islandia
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Iceland is a European island country located in the North Atlantic Ocean[6] on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. It has a population of

about 320,000 and a total area of 103,000 km2 (39,769 sq mi).The capital and largest city is Reykjavík, with the surrounding

area being home to some two-thirds of the national population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior

mainly consists of a plateau characterised by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea

through the lowlands. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate despite a high latitude just outside

the Arctic Circle.
According to Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in AD 874 when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfur Arnarson

became the first permanent Norwegian settler on the island. Others had visited the island earlier and stayed over winter. Over

the following centuries, people of Norse and Gaelic origin settled in Iceland, from 1262 to 1918 it was part of the Norwegian,

and later the Danish monarchies. Until the 20th century, the Icelandic population relied largely on fisheries and agriculture. In

1994, the nation became party to an agreement that established the European Economic Area, thus allowing it to diversify

from fishing to economic and financial services.

3. Saudi Arabia
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Saudi Arabia (officially Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)is the largest Arab country of the Middle East. It is bordered by Jordan and

Iraq on the north and northeast, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates on the east, Oman on the southeast,

and Yemen on the south. The Persian Gulf lies to the northeast and the Red Sea to its west. It has an estimated population of

28 million, and its size is approximately 2,149,690 square kilometres (830,000 sq mi). The Kingdom is sometimes called "The

Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Mecca and Medina, the two holiest places in Islam. The two mosques are Masjid

al-Haram (in Mecca) and Masjid Al-Nabawi (in Medina). The current Kingdom was founded by Abdul-Aziz bin Saud, whose

efforts began in 1902 when he captured the Al-Saud's ancestral home of Riyadh, and culminated in 1932 with the

proclamation and recognition of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, though its national origins go back as far as 1744 with the

establishment of the First Saudi State. Saudi Arabia is an Islamic absolute monarchy form of government.

4. Swedia
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Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish: Konungariket Sverige (help·info)), is a Nordic country on the

Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden has land borders with Norway to the west and Finland to the northeast,

and water borders with Denmark, Germany and Poland to the south and Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Russia to the east.

Sweden is also connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund.
At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the third largest country in the European Union by area, with a total

population of about 9.4 million. Sweden has a low population density of 21 inhabitants per square kilometre (54 /sq mi) but a

considerably higher density in the southern half of the country. About 85% of the population live in urban areas, and it is

expected that these numbers will gradually rise as a part of the ongoing urbanization. Sweden's capital is Stockholm, which is

also the largest city in the country (population of 1.3 million in the urban area and with 2 million in the metropolitan area).
Sweden emerged as an independent and unified country during the Middle Ages. In the 17th century, the country expanded its

territories to form the Swedish Empire. The empire grew to be one of the great powers of Europe in the 17th and early 18th

century. Most of the conquered territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries.

5. Denmark
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Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe and the senior member of the Kingdom of Denmark. It is the

southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany.

Denmark borders both the Baltic and the North Sea. The country consists of a large peninsula, Jutland (Jylland) and many

islands, most notably Zealand (Sjælland), Funen (Fyn), Vendsyssel-Thy, Lolland, Falster and Bornholm, as well as hundreds of

minor islands often referred to as the Danish Archipelago. Denmark has long controlled the approach to the Baltic Sea; before

the digging of the Kiel Canal water passage to the Baltic sea was possible only through the three channels known as the

"Danish straits".

6. Norwegia
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Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe occupying the western portion of the

Scandinavian Peninsula, as well as Jan Mayen and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard.[note 1] Norway has a total area of

385,252 square kilometres (148,747 sq mi) and a population of about 4.8 million.[7] It is one of the most sparsely populated

countries in Europe. The majority of the country shares a border to the east with Sweden; its northernmost region is bordered

by Finland to the south and Russia to the east; and Denmark lies south of its southern tip across the Skagerrak Strait. The

capital city of Norway is Oslo. Norway's extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea, is home to

its famous fjords.

7. Liberia
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Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the west coast of Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte

d'Ivoire, and the Atlantic Ocean. As of the 2008 Census, the nation is home to 3,476,608 people and covers 111,369 square

kilometres (43,000 sq mi).
The history of Liberia is unique among African nations because of its relationship with the United States. It is one of the few

countries in Africa, and the only country in West Africa, without roots in the European Scramble for Africa. It was founded and

colonized by freed American slaves with the help of a private organization called the American Colonization Society in

1821-1822, on the premise that former American slaves would have greater freedom and equality there.

8. Turki
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The Turks began migrating into the area now called Turkey in the eleventh century. The process was greatly accelerated by

the Seljuk victory over the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of Manzikert. Several small beyliks and the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm

ruled Anatolia until the Mongol Empire's invasion. Starting from the thirteenth century, the Ottoman beylik united Anatolia

and created an empire encompassing much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. After the Ottoman Empire

collapsed following its defeat in World War I, parts of it were occupied by the victorious Allies. A cadre of young military

officers, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, organized a successful resistance to the Allies; in 1923, they would establish the

modern Republic of Turkey with Atatürk as its first president.

9. Nepal
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Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a himalayan country in South Asia and, as of 2010, the world's

most recent nation to become a republic. It is bordered to the north by the People's Republic of China, and to the south, east,

and west by the Republic of India. With an area of 147,181 square kilometres (56,827 sq mi) and a population of

approximately 30 million, Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by land mass[6] and the 41st most populous country.

Kathmandu is the nation's capital and the country's largest metropolitan city.

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